How Human Behavior is Affected by Environmental Factors

Our surroundings are constantly affecting the way we act, frequently in ways that we are not even aware of. Our surroundings, which can range from the temperature of the room to the color of the walls, can have a significant impact on our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

The main environmental influences on human behavior will be examined in this article, along with strategies for using these influences to produce more palatable results.

Physcial Factors

Physical elements like temperature, noise, and light are some of the most fundamental environmental factors that affect human behavior.


Even our physical health can be significantly impacted by temperature, along with our mood and cognitive abilities. For instance, studies have shown that when people are hot, they tend to be less helpful and more aggressive.

Additionally, temperature has an impact on how we think. Studies have shown that when people are in a slightly cool environment (around 68 degrees Fahrenheit), they perform better on cognitive tasks.


Another environmental factor that has a big effect on how we behave is noise. According to studies, noise can make people more stressed, anxious, and aggressive. Additionally, it may affect our cognitive abilities and make it challenging to focus.


Another significant environmental factor that affects our behavior is light. Bright light can enhance our mood, cognitive function, and even physical health, according to studies.

Natural Environment

Our behavior is significantly influenced by the natural world. Spending time in nature can lower stress, elevate mood, and foster creativity, according to studies.

Social Factors

The social environment also has a significant impact on how people behave. Our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors can all be significantly impacted by the interactions we have with other people.

Social customs

The unwritten rules of conduct that are embraced by a group or society are known as social norms. Even if we are not consciously aware of them, social norms can have a significant impact on how we behave.

People who belong to a group are more likely to smoke even if they do not personally want to if, for instance, smoking is the social norm in that group.

Social Assistance

Another significant social factor that affects how people behave is social support. Strong social support has been linked to lower levels of stress and anxiety, according to studies. Additionally, they have a higher propensity for adopting positive behaviors and dealing with difficulties successfully.

Environment Built

The physical environment that has been shaped by humans, such as cities, roads, and buildings, is referred to as the built environment. Our behavior can be significantly influenced by the built environment.

For instance, research has shown that residents of high-density areas are more likely to bike and walk, while residents of low-density areas are more likely to drive.

How to Make Environment-Related Factors Produce More Desirable Results

Understanding how environmental factors affect human behavior will help us produce more desirable results.

For instance, we can design public areas that encourage biking and walking if we want to motivate people to be more active. Social norms that encourage physical activity can also be established.

Similar to this, we can design more calming and relaxing environments to lessen stress and anxiety. We can also give people access to tools and resources that will enable them to manage stress.

Here are some examples of how to use environmental factors to produce more desirable results:

  • Increase temperature to enhance cognition and lessen aggression. For instance, schools can make classrooms cooler to enhance student performance. Additionally, workplaces can make their spaces cooler to increase worker output.
  • To enhance concentration and reduce stress, turn down the volume. For instance, to enhance the dining experience for customers, restaurants can designate quieter dining areas. Additionally, libraries can designate quieter areas for study.
  • Increase your exposure to bright light to elevate your mood and sharpen your mind. For instance, schools can increase the size of the windows in the classrooms to allow more light to enter. Workplaces can make their spaces more light-filled.
  • Spending time in nature can help people feel better, be more creative, and reduce stress. For instance, cities can develop more parks and natural areas. By establishing outdoor gardens or break areas, workplaces can also give workers access to the outdoors.
  • Encourage social customs that support wholesome behavior. For instance, schools can encourage social norms that support eating well and exercising. Social norms that support work-life balance and mental health can also be promoted in the workplace.
  • Give people access to resources and social support that can assist them in managing stress. Schools, for instance, can give students access to counselors and other support personnel. Employee assistance programs and other resources may be accessible through the workplace.
  • Create public areas that encourage biking and walking. Cities can, for instance, build wider sidewalks, bike lanes, and crosswalks that are friendly to pedestrians.
  • Build environments that are less stressful and anxious. Cities, for instance, can create structures and streets that are easier to walk and bike on. Green areas and public parks can be developed so that people can unwind and appreciate nature.
  • Workplaces can design built environments that lessen anxiety and stress. For instance, they could create offices with lots of windows and access to outside areas. Additionally, they can designate areas during breaks for socializing and unwinding.
  • Make communities more sustainable and livable by considering environmental factors. Cities can, for instance, create mixed-use, walkable neighborhoods. This can lessen reliance on automobiles and make it simpler for people to get around without one.

For the management of stormwater runoff and to enhance air quality, cities can also invest in green infrastructure like rain gardens and bioswales.

Promote public health and wellbeing by utilizing environmental factors. Cities can, for instance, designate accessible and secure public areas where people can exercise. By lowering the cost and increasing the availability of healthy food options, they can also encourage healthy eating.

By providing employees with access to healthy food options, exercise facilities, and other resources that can help them stay healthy, workplaces can also promote public health and well-being.


Environment and other factors have a big influence on how we act. We can use these factors to produce more desirable results by comprehending how they operate.

For instance, we can use environmental factors to boost healthy behaviors, lessen stress and anxiety, enhance cognitive function, and build more livable and sustainable communities.

Here are some more pointers for utilizing environmental elements to produce more desirable results:

  • Be aware of your environment and how it is affecting you. Try to find a more tranquil setting if you are experiencing stress or anxiety. Try to find a place that is quiet and has fewer distractions if you are trying to focus.
  • Make adjustments to your surroundings to make it more conducive to achieving your goals. For instance, if you’re attempting to eat healthier, make sure your kitchen is stocked with wholesome meals and snacks. Create a workout area in your home or sign up for a gym if you want to become more active.
  • Promote alterations to the environment in your neighborhood. Write to your city council representative if you want to see more bike lanes in your city. Start a community garden if you want to see more green spaces in your neighborhood.

Together, we can design environments that promote our wellbeing and assist us in achieving our objectives.

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